Treatment of typhoid can happen with antibiotics and other supportive therapies such as the adequate intake of fluids and a healthy diet.
Antibiotics are the main stay for treatment of typhoid fever. Besides antibiotics your doctor will prescribe supportive treatment and diet advice. Read to know more on treatment for typhoid fever.
The commonly prescribed antibiotics are fluoro-quinolones (such as ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin), and cephalosporins (such as ceftriaxone, cefxime). Your doctor will prescribe antibiotics based on the severity of illness, your health and the sensitivity of the bacteria to the antibiotic. If needed you may be given intravenous antibiotics. All these drugs can cause side effects, and indiscriminate and inappropriate use can lead to the development of antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria.
Other treatments which are given to manage your symptoms include:
- Anti-pyretcis: Medicines to reduce fever such as paracetamol and ibuprofen are given.
- Fluids: Drinking fluids helps to prevent the dehydration as a result of high fever and diarrhoea. If you are are unable to take fluids orally or are severely dehydrated, your doctor give fluids intravenously (that is through a vein in your arm).
- Diet: Eat a healthy and nutritious diet. Eat light and easy to digest food, and avoid fried and spicy foods. Consult your doctor to know foods that you can eat.
- If you are on treatment for typhoid fever, it is important to follow the following:
- Take your antibiotics as recommended by your doctor (both the dose and duration).
- Eat a healthy and nutritious diet.
- Wash your hands well with soap and water after using the bathroom.
- Avoid preparing or serving food to others.
With appropriate treatment most patients improve but the improvement is slow. Complete recovery can take weeks. The fever decreases gradually but it can return again if the treatment is not appropriate. Vaccines against typhoid fever are available, but they don’t offer 100% protection. However, the vaccine is fairly effective. If you live in a typhoid endemic area or are travelling to a region where typhoid fever is common consult your doctor for vaccine and other measures to prevent typhoid.
Read more articles on Typhoid Treatment
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