The treatment options of conversion disorder aims to relieve the symptoms. Counseling, physical therapy and transcranial magnetic stimulation are the common treatments available for the medical condition.
Treatment of conversion disorder is basically relieving the symptoms. Sometimes, the symptoms go away on their own after stress has been reduced. If a patient experiences anxiety (an alteration of mood or disordered thinking), medication is prescribed.
In most cases of conversion disorder, the symptoms get better without treatment. So, there is no need to worry when your doctor reassures you that the symptoms aren't caused by a serious underlying problem.
[Read: Symptoms of Conversion Disorder]
The treatment options for conversion disorder include the following:
- Counselling: Also referred to as psychotherapy, counselling helps treat symptoms of conversion disorder and limits it from recurring. Seeking counselling proves helpful if one has anxiety, depression or other mental health issues.
- Physical therapy: A physical therapy helps one prevent complications of certain symptoms of conversion disorder. Certain signs such as regular movement of arms or legs may ward off muscle tightness and the degree of weakness or the loss of mobility can be reduced.
- Treating related stress: The doctor will prescribe anti-anxiety medications, antidepressants or other drugs as part of your treatment plan so that stress, anxiety or another underlying problem are relieved.
- Hypnosis: Hypnosis under guidance of a trained professional can help the patient identify and resolve psychological issues. This is usually done besides another form of psychotherapy in treating conversion disorder.
- Transcranial magnetic stimulation: It involves exciting brain activity by using weak electrical currents, which has shown positive results in patients of conversion disorder.
If the source of conflict or stress can be determined, it may be possible to provide relief through psychotherapy. For example, the person may be in conflict about leaving home, starting anew or having a child. With the help of psychotherapy, the person may learn to deal with the conflict and go forward with the new experience or retreat from the dilemma. In either case, the physical symptoms may stop.
How can one prevent Conversion Disorder?
There is no definite way to prevent conversion disorder as it can happen after any traumatic incidence. As the condition occurs as a response to some kind of stress, stress-relieving activities such as meditation and yoga may help individuals to ward off conversion disorder’s risk.
Expected Duration of Conversion Disorder
The symptoms of conversion disorder usually do not last long. Generally, the more quickly the symptoms start, the more rapidly they go away. Symptoms are more likely to last only a short time if the stress is clearly defined.
More severe symptoms, such as paralysis or blindness, are less likely to last a long time because it is harder to sustain symptoms that interfere significantly with daily activities. A less severe symptom (such as tremor) or a symptom that is repeated and limited (such as seizure) can continue or come and go depending on the nature of the stress.
The outlook for conversion disorder depends on the nature of the stress and on the symptoms, though most of the symptoms of conversion disorder last a short span. In severe cases, the person may have trouble coping with stress, conflict and may even need ongoing support.
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