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National Dengue Day 2019: What to Do When you have Dengue

Dengue By Varsha Vats , Onlymyhealth editorial team / Aug 24, 2018
National Dengue Day 2019: What to Do When you have Dengue

If you suspect that you are suffering from dengue, you must consult a doctor immediately. To diagnose dengue fever, you must know the symptoms and other related aspects of dengue.

National Dengue Day i.e. 16th May has been recommended by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India to create awareness about dengue. The number of death due to dengue keeps on increasing every year. Through this day the government tries to aware people about the various prevention methods that every individual can take. Dengue is a disease caused by a family of viruses, transmitted by mosquitoes. It has a sudden onset with symptoms of a headache, fever, exhaustion, severe joint and muscle pain, swollen glands and rashes. The presence of fever, rashes and headache along with other symptoms is particularly characteristic of dengue.

If you suspect that you are suffering from dengue, you must consult a doctor immediately. To diagnose dengue fever, you must know the symptoms and other related aspects of dengue.

Symptoms of Dengue Fever 

The signs can be seen only after 3-7 days after the mosquito bites a person. The symptoms of dengue include: 

  • A severe headache
  • Nausea and vomiting 
  • Severe joint and muscle pain 
  • Retro-orbital pain: pain behind the eyes
  • Rashes may start over the torso and extend to upper and lower limbs, also known as measles. They may spread from the torso to the arms, legs and the face

The symptoms may disappear after a couple of days, and these symptoms only occur at the earliest stage of the fever. More signs are seen when the dengue progresses into one of its severe forms: Dengue Shock Syndrome and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever. These two are rare complications of dengue, and they can be life-threatening.

Treatment of Dengue Fever 

People with uncomplicated dengue fever improve within two weeks. Treatment offered to people suffering from the mild dengue fever includes: 

  • Drink plenty of fluids like oral rehydration solution, fresh juice, soups, coconut water. This will help to prevent dehydration due to vomiting and high fever
  • Antipyretics (medication for fever): Acetaminophen helps to reduce pain and fever. Avoid aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen. These drugs increase the risk of bleeding complications
  • Tepid sponging to reduce the temperature
  • The treatment offered to people suffering from the severe form of the disease includes:
  • Oxygen (if the patient is in shock or is very ill)
  • Bed rest
  • Blood pressure monitoring 
  • Electrolyte replacement to manage fluid loss, prevent dehydration and maintain blood pressure
  • Admission in a hospital
  • Medications to lower fever and to decrease the pain
  • Blood transfusion to replace blood loss if required
  • Platelet transfusion if your platelet count decrease

Prompt and judicious administration of fluids (oral and intravenous), supportive care and good monitoring (blood pressure, heart rate, and fluid status) in patients with DHF or DSS can prevent complications and even death.

Read more related articles on Communicable Diseases.

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