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What are the symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Diseases or STDs?

Snr By Dr Poonam Sachdev , Expert Content / Jan 22, 2013
What are the symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Diseases or STDs?

It is not necessary that all STDs will be passed on to others through an intercourse, various other infections also form a part of STD. Here are some of the common set of symptoms of STDs.

STDs or Sexually Transmitted Diseases, as the term suggests, are mainly sent out from one person to the other while having sexual intercourse. Science has listed 25 such STDs having different degrees of symptoms. These diseases are spread through vaginal intercourse, oral sex or anal sex. However, it is not necessary that all Sexually Transmitted Diseases will be passed on to other human beings through an intercourse. Various other infections also form a part of STD.


[Read: How to Prevent STDs]

Listed below are the symptoms of a few widely known Sexually Transmitted Disease:

STI or Sexually Transmitted Infection such as Chlamydia causes unpleasant symptoms such as unusual discharge from the genitals or vagina that causes a strange smelling discharge (not in all cases though). This can be stubborn and may refuse to get cured if not taken proper care.

  • Soreness in the private organs
  • Occurrence of odd lumps or sores
  • Itching and pain in the vagina while passing urine
  • Backaches and headaches
  • Inflamed glands accompanied by pyrexia.
  • Non-itchy rash
  • Discomfort or pain while indulging in sex.
  • Symptoms similar to flu.
  • Abdominal discomfort

The above listed points point out the common symptoms that people suffering from Sexually Transmitted Diseases can have. Let us discuss a few more diseases in particular and understand the symptoms in detail.


[Read: Treatment of STDs]

Bacterial Vaginosis or BV is caused by an imbalance in the bacteria present in the vagina. When the flora gets disturbed, by and largely due to an active sex life, the vagina secretes a white or yellow discharge. However, this disease is not directly linked to sexual transmission and researchers are still developing case studies to understand what exactly causes this. Sexual activity can, therefore, be understood as a possible trigger. This disease cannot be passed on to a man from a woman carrier.
Chlamydia is the most widely occurring sexually transmitted disease. Caused by a bacterium that infects and damages the cervix, urethra and the rectum in women, it is transferred from the male genitalia to the female vaginal region. The symptoms of this disease show up in one to three week’s time.

Pubic lice are another state of a Sexually Transmitted Disease where the growth of lice occurs mostly on coarse hair region such as the vagina, genitals, eyelashes or armpits. These yellow-coloured lice at times can be spotted moving on the skin. This cannot be transmitted from toilet seats or pools but can be passed on if towels, clothes and bed are shared while having an intercourse and otherwise. The symptoms are: irritated and itchy skin, flaky skin texture, inflammation in areas due to excessive itching, visible blood spots as the lice feed on to the skin.


[Read: Expected Duration of STDs]


Amongst the other venereal diseases, genital warts and lumps, scabies, hepatitis are other forms of STDs that can cause the skin to turn itchy or slight vaginal bleeding.


Read more articles on Sexual Health




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