Rosacea is a common skin disorder, but the symptoms can vary considerably from one person to another. Most people have some rather than all of the potential signs and symptoms. A consensus committee and review panel on rosacea considers that a person with rosacea has at least one of the following primary signs, and may be some of the secondary signs and symptoms along with it.
Primary Signs and Symptoms of Rosacea
- Flushing: History of frequent blushing or flushing is the earliest symptom of rosacea. The facial redness is transient and it may come and go. As the flushing comes and goes very quickly, many people fail to associate their intermittent flushing as the symptom of a possible medical condition.
- Persistent Redness: As the condition progresses, permanent redness appears in the centre of the face. This is a common sign of rosacea, and may look like a blush or sunburn that is persistent.
- Bumps and Pimples: Many people develop small red solid bumps or pus-filled pimples which look similar to acne. But there are no blackheads and the lesions may have a burning or stinging sensation.
- Visible Blood Vessels: Small blood vessels on the face become dilated and may stay dilated in many people with rosacea. This makes the blood vessels to become visible on the skin.
Other Potential Signs and Symptoms of Rosacea
- Eye Irritation: A person with rosacea can develop ocular rosacea. In this condition, the eyes are irritated and appear watery or bloodshot. In some people the eyelids may become red and swollen. Styes are common in people with ocular rosacea. If the disease becomes severe, it can cause corneal damage and vision loss if not treated appropriately.
- Burning or Stinging: Many people with rosacea have burning or stinging sensations on the face. Besides this, itching or a feeling of tightness on the face can also occur.
- Dry Appearance: The skin in the centre of the face may become rough and thus appear to be very dry.
- Plaques: Raised red patches known as plaques, may develop on the face of a person with rosacea, but the surrounding skin can be completed normal.
- Skin Thickening: With time skin may thicken due to excess tissue. In severe cases, the nose becomes swollen and bumpy from excess tissue. This condition is called rhinophyma and it affects more men than women.
- Swelling: Skin of the face may become swollen and it may accompany other signs of rosacea or occur independently.
- Signs beyond the face: In some people, the redness and other symptoms of the skin may spread beyond the nose and cheeks to the forehead, chin, chest, scalp or ears.
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