What are the Risks of Low Blood Pressure or Hypotension?

Updated at: May 07, 2018
What are the Risks of Low Blood Pressure or Hypotension?

Blood pressure is the exertion of blood on the wall of the arteries and it is measured as systolic and diastolic pressures. Risks associated with it can prove fatal at times if not treated immediately.

Meenakshi Chaudhary
Heart HealthWritten by: Meenakshi ChaudharyPublished at: Oct 05, 2017

The force exerted by the blood on the wall of the arteries is known as the blood pressure. There are two types of pressure associated with blood pressure: The force exerted by the blood on the wall of the arteries is known as the blood pressure Systolic pressure is the pressure of heart pumping the blood while diastolic pressure is the pressure when the heart is between the beats. The systolic reading for normal blood pressure is 120 milimeters of mercury or less whereas the diastolic reading is 80 mm or less. The representation of these two numbers is 120/80 mm Hg.

Hypotension or low blood pressure is the condition when blood pressure is less than 90/60 mm Hg. Some people have low blood pressure all the time without facing any major problems, but it cannot be ignored as hypotension as various risks associated with it and could hint towards a more serious problem.

Common risks associated with low blood pressure:

Alertness Risks

Low blood pressure can lead to dizziness, confusion and can even blur your vision. Care should be taken for conditions for the sake of one’s safety as any of these conditions could prove fatal while driving a motor vehicle. Such symptoms can cause loss concentration leading to loss of control of the vehicle. 

Fall Risks

The onset of dizziness when standing suddenly could result in fall that can injure you. At times people can also suffer fainting which can cause bodily harm due to the fall when going unconscious.

Shock Risks

When the supply of blood drops in major organs including the brain, it causes shock.  Feeling light headed, confused and sleepy are some of the early signs of shock. As the condition progresses it makes it difficult for you to sit and leads to passing out. It can prove to be fatal if not treated immediately.

Other Conditions

Low blood pressure could be an indicator of a more serious problem like blood loss, severe infection, severe dehydration, heart attack and failure, severe allergic reaction and endocrine problem like overactive or underactive thyroid, Addison’s disease, low blood sugar and diabetes.

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