Every thing you need to know about pregnancy

Updated at: Mar 16, 2017
Every thing you need to know about pregnancy

Are you wondering what is Pregnancy? Pregnancy occurs when a sperm fertilises a mature egg. Fatigue, Morning sickness and delayed period are some of the indicative signs of pregnancy.

Aditi Dasgupta
PregnancyWritten by: Aditi DasguptaPublished at: Mar 16, 2017

Within the female body, a mature egg is released from the ovary, which sets in motion the process of ovulation. By a mature egg, one means that the egg is ready to be fertilised. For this entire process to take place, not only ovulation but also a thickened uterus wall has to be there to support the fertilised egg. Fertilisation happens when a woman has a sexual intercourse and when the sperm fertilises with a fertile egg.




Women who do not get pregnant witness a lot of clots in their blood flow. These clots are precisely the thickened walls of the uterus that disposes itself off not being able to successfully find a fertilised egg.

Changes after implantation occurs:

  • While the implantation occurs, the abdominal area pains slightly due to which spotting might take place for the next few days. For some women, this spotting is close to their regular menstrual cycle.


  • In the first few weeks, abdomen undergoes major internal changes such as the secretion of hormones and the embryo planting itself onto the soft-lining of the uterus. Pain during this time is a necessary factor.


  • As one progresses into pregnancy, usually in the last weeks of the third month and the fourth month, women might experience shifting pain that might stay for 2 hours to 48 hours. This is because the walls of the uterus need to thicken with time to lend support to the growing baby.


  • The best and the most trusted way to check the status of your pregnancy and study the foetal movements is to get an ultrasound done.


The next pregnancy symptoms are fatigue and the urge to urinate frequently. The latter happens because the uterus tends to swell-up during that time. Apart from that, morning sickness and breast tenderness are the most common symptoms where one tends to feel bloated, uneasy, irritated, experience mood swings and develop extreme aversion/liking to certain food-items. Besides that, the breasts feel more tender than usual. This is precisely because the body secretes hormones and starts to prepare for producing milk.

This shedding of the clot is a contra-indication for pregnant women and should be taken as a sign of possible miscarriage. Below are some facts about what you must know about ovulation:

  • Most women confuse ovulation with menstruation. An ovulation has full chances of occurring even when you are not menstruating.


  • Ovulation, at times, can lead to spotting and slight cramping in the lower abdomen which is absolutely normal


  • It takes at least 6—12 days after ovulation, for a mature and a fertilised egg to implant itself into the uterus of the woman.


However, women should also understand that these symptoms might vary in intensity and duration from women to women as it depends on their physical endurance and body type. The most widely known and the most obvious symptom is missing your menstrual cycle. In this case, some women have cases of spotting as well. In all probabilities, a home pregnancy test is a way of confirming the pregnancy. These kits are easily available in  drug stores.


Visit to a doctor before planning pregnancy

Ask your doctor about:

  • family planning
  • taking folic acid
  • vaccines and screenings, such as a screenings for sexually transmitted infections
  • checking for diabetes, high blood pressure, thyroid disease, obesity, depression, eating disorders, and asthma
  • pre-pregnancy diet
  • healthy body weight for nourishing a baby
  • physical activeness to avoid being overweight
  • dental care
  • avoiding stress
  • repercussions of indulgence in smoking and alcohol
  • knowing the risk factors before and after conception
  • any disease that runs in your genes and its chances of affecting your future child.


Tips on how to get pregnant

  • Avoid taking Stress.
  • Stay in Bed after Sex – Staying in bed for 15 to 20 minutes after sex increases your chances of conception. After intercourse, put up your legs up in the air or place a pillow below the hips for raising the vagina.
  • Keep a track of your periods– This is one of the most important steps to ensure conception. Chances of getting pregnant increase by having sex during ovulation. Ovulation occurs around 14 days after your last menstrual cycle. There are ovulation test kits available over-the-counter which help you to find out the period of your ovulation.  During ovulation, basal temperature also increases a little in comparison to other days.
  • Stay away from unhealthy edibles and eat more fertility enhancing foods.
  • Quit smoking, drinking and drug abuse.


Image source : Getty

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