What is Menopause and Bladder Control?

Updated at: Nov 07, 2014
What is Menopause and Bladder Control?

Some women have bladder control problems after they stop having periods (menopause).

Meenakshi Chaudhary
Women's HealthWritten by: Meenakshi ChaudharyPublished at: Aug 22, 2012

Bladder control problem or urinary incontinence is a common problem after menopause. The involuntary loss of urine becomes more common as women get older.  The levels of estrogen hormone drop significantly during and after the process of menopause. Estrogen hormone not only controls the monthly periods and body changes during pregnancy but it keeps the bladder and urethra healthy. Lack of estrogen hormone weakens the pelvic muscle causing urinary incontinence.


Problems That may develop After Menopause

Stress Incontinence:

It is the leakage of urine through the weakened muscle under the pressure of coughing, sneezing or lifting. This type of leakage is common in older women.

Urge Incontinence:

In this bladder control problem, the bladder muscles squeeze at the wrong time or all the time causing leakage.

Other bladder control problems include painful urination, nocturia.

bladder control


Bladder control problems can be diagnosed with the help of detailed medical history, physical examination and pelvic exam. The urine test is done to check for any signs of infections and other problems.


Treatment for urinary incontinence depend on the type of continence you have. Doctors will begin the treatment by asking you to include following lifestyle changes in your daily routine.

  • Avoid caffeine and alcohol
  • strengthening pelvic muscles with kegal exercises
  • traning the bladder to hold more urine

The more involved treatment options include:


Medications will help in reducing the symptoms and treating the some types of bladder control problems.

Nerve stimulation:

Electrical stimulation of pelvic muscles is done to regain the control of the bladder.

Surgery :

Bladder is lifted to a better position and repaired with the help of the surgery. It is recommended for people who cannot be treated with other forms of treatment.

Image Courtesy: Getty Images

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