What Is Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder? Explains Psychologist

Updated at: Sep 24, 2020
What Is Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder? Explains Psychologist

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder or OCPD is a personality disorder that is different from other psychological disorders. Know more here.

Chanchal Sengar
Other DiseasesWritten by: Chanchal SengarPublished at: Sep 24, 2020

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is a personality disorder that is defined by an intense preoccupation with perfectionism, order, tidiness, mental and interpersonal control. People with this disorder will usually sense a strong need to enforce their own standards on their outside environment at the expense of flexibility, openness, and efficiency. In this article, Mrs. Anuja Kapur who is a renowned Psychologist, Counselor and Social Activist explains all about obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.

Problems that people with the obsessive-compulsive personality disorder face

People troubled with Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder face the following difficulties and symptoms which makes it challenging to express their feelings.

  • Are always concerned with information, rules, lists, order, organization, or schedules to the level that the primary focus of the activity is lost.
  • Displays perfectionism that intervenes with the task completion, for example, a person is unable to complete a project because his or her own overly strict standards are not met. Although people with the disorder can be hardworking, their fixation with perfection can make them wasteful.
  • Is religiously devoted to work and productiveness to the extent that leisure activities and social obligations are of no importance. This is often the cause of why they face social isolation as forming and keeping hold of a close relationship with others is an uphill task for them.
  • Always inflexible about matters related to ethics, morals and values, which further makes it challenging to express their feelings.
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  • Some of the people with the disorder face difficulty to abandon useless or unworthy objects even when they have no emotional value to them.
  • People are reluctant to delegate work or jobs to others unless they submit to exactly his or her way of conducting business.
  • Some of them may adopt an ungenerous spending manner towards both self and others as money is viewed as something to be stashed for future catastrophes.
  • At times they can show significant rigidity, stubbornness and outrage.
  • An overwhelming need to be punctual, irrespective of what is happening.

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Who are at risk of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder?

A recent survey conducted showed that different types of obsessive compulsive disorders that describe long-standing and enduring patterns of behavior are most often diagnosed in adults in comparison to children. Also, the number of cases prevalent in males is twice with regard to females. Just like every personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder will also drop-off in magnitude with age. Most people will be done with extreme symptoms experience by the time they hit their 40s or 50s.

What are the possible treatments for OCPD?

Therapists often use a combination of three ways recommended to treat the disorder:

1. Relaxation techniques 

Relaxation pertains to specific breathing techniques that can help decrease your sense of stress, heart rate and anxiety. Yoga, Pilates and tai chi are good techniques that work in a combination of mind and body to boost your wellness.

2. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a popular way of rendering mental health counseling. It requires you to meet with a mental health professional on an organized schedule and these regular sessions involve working with your counselor to talk through any anxiety, stress, or depression. A mental health counselor will also further drive you to put less emphasis on work and work the energy on social, family, recreational and other interpersonal relationships.

Also Read: How Can Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Prevent Arachnophobia?

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3. Medication

The therapist may also consider prescribing you a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) to drop off the anxiety in the obsessive-compulsive series. If you’re prescribed an SSRI you may also be asked to join support groups for added benefits. Long-term use of the SSRI is not usually recommended.

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder can be treated if the person consults a therapist on time. Family members need to identify the signs to start the therapy.

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