What is Hallervorden Spatz Disease?

Updated at: Sep 18, 2014
What is Hallervorden Spatz Disease?

Hallervorden-Spatz disease is a neurological disorder which is inherited. It has an effect on the movement and can worsen with time.

Vasudha Bhat
Other DiseasesWritten by: Vasudha BhatPublished at: Sep 18, 2014

What is Hallervorden-Spatz disease (HSD)?

Hallervorden-Spatz disease (HSD) is neurological disorder which is usually inherited. The disorder usually effects the movement. It is a rare disease and can worsen over time. The condition can also lead to death.

Hallervorden-Spatz Disease

What Causes HSD?

The condition is sometimes referred as pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegenration and is genetic disease. It is caused by an inherited defect which takes place in the pantothenate kinase 2 gene. It is the PANK2 protein that controls the formation of coenzyme A. This is the molecule which helps the body convert the fats, some amino acids and carbohydrates into energy.

Who is at Risk for HSD?

If a person has a parent suffering from the condition, they may be at a risk of developing the condition. The disorder usually develops in the childhood and its late-onset may not be seen until adulthood.

Hallervorden-Spatz Disease

What are the Symptoms of HSD?

HSD is also known as neurodegenration with brain iron accumulation. It can cause wide variety of symptoms that vary based on the severity of HSD and how long it takes taken to progress.
Other symptoms include:

  • Rigid muscles
  • writhing movements
  • confusion
  • disorientation
  • stupor
  • seizures
  • dementia
  • weakness
  • tremors
  • drooling
  • difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)

There are some less common symptoms also:

  • vision changes
  • poorly articulated speech
  • facial grimacing
  • painful muscle spasms

Image courtesy: Getty Images

Read more on Understand Hallervorden-Spatz Disease.


All possible measures have been taken to ensure accuracy, reliability, timeliness and authenticity of the information; however Onlymyhealth.com does not take any liability for the same. Using any information provided by the website is solely at the viewers’ discretion. In case of any medical exigencies/ persistent health issues, we advise you to seek a qualified medical practitioner before putting to use any advice/tips given by our team or any third party in form of answers/comments on the above mentioned website.

This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. OK