Headache can be defined as pain or discomfort in the head, scalp, or neck. Almost nine out of ten people suffer from headaches at some point in their lives. Some people may suffer from occasional headaches, whereas others may have frequent headaches which can be severe enough to make them feel miserable. However, in most people headaches aren't serious, even though they may affect your ability to function well. Read to know what causes your head to hurt.
The three most common types of headache are:
This is the commonest type of headache which causes your head to hurt. It is most likely caused due to stress, depression, or anxiety.
Other factors which can precipitate tension headache:
Some trigger factors for headaches are:
In tension headaches, usually both sides of your head hurt. The headache typically starts at the back of the head and spreads forward. The pain is usually persistent (dull or squeezing like a tight band or vice) which does not worsen with activity.
Migraine is the second most common type of headache. It can cause significant pain which can last for hours or even days. The pain is throbbing, pounding, or pulsating in quality and usually starts on one side of your head, although it may spread to both sides. The pain can be associated symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and vision disturbance, all of which can be very disabling. A person with migraine during headache may feel like finding a dark, quiet place to lie down. Some people with migraine have auras such as changes in vision, such as seeing flashes of light and feeling pins and needles in an arm or leg during or before an attack. However, the common migraine or migraine without auras is more common than migraines with aura.
This is a less common but more severe type of headache. It tends to occur in “clusters,” that is often at the same time of day, several times per day, for several weeks. The headache may start suddenly as a sharp or burning pain centred around one eye and can last up to 3 hours.
Some other types of headaches include:
Some rare causes of headache are:
Most people with headache feel better after rest, relaxation and taking a pain killer medication such as paracetamol or ibuprofen. If you have severe pain or have to take pain killer medications frequently consult a doctor for diagnosis and proper treatment.
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