What is Causing your Little One's Eyes Trouble

Oct 02, 2013

Quick Bites:
  • The causes of strabismus are poor eye muscle control or long-sightedness.
  • The reason behind myopia and hyperopia is refractive error.
  • Astigmatism may be caused by an irregularly shaped lens.
  • Parents must get their kids eyes examined every year.

Vision conditi1child’s sight and interfere with learning, cognitive function or make the children .

eye problems in children causesThere are several eye problems in kids that parents can’t figure out as there are no signs of a vision problem that one can spot.  A child who has a family history of childhood vision conditions is more likely to have eye problems. Besides, there are several things that may cause eye problems in children. Below are some of the most common problems that are reported by children and their causes.



Strabismus affects babies and in this medical condition the infant’s eyes appear crossed. The condition remains for the first six months of life causes of strabismus are poor eye muscle control or long-sightedness. To treat an eye problem, its underlying cause must be treated.


Amblyopia or Lazy Eye

This eye condition is more likely to be experienced by children with crossed eyes, though you may also affect those who do not see through one eye as good as the other one. The term amblyopia implies that the vision is reduced through disuse, which occurs when the brain receives two different images from either eye. The reason behind development of amblyopia is the disruption of normal development of vision. The vision may become poor if the underlying cause of the condition is not corrected.


Myopia or Short-sightedness

Short-sightedness is a refractive eye problem in which children can see clearly up close but not when they are far from from the object. Vision is corrected with prescription lenses but the lens need to be changed from time to time as the condition is progressive in the childhood and adulthood. Myopia runs in families and individuals succumb to it mostly during their childhood. The reason behind the eye problem is a refractive error i.e. the light rays bend incorrectly into the eye to transmit images to the brain. The eyeball is long or the cornea has too much curvature. As a result, images focus in front of the retina rather than directly on the retina.


Hyperopia or Long-sightedness

In this vision problem, the child can see better at a distance than up close. The reason for long-sightedness is a refractive error by way of which the eye is shorter than the normal size or the cornea is too flat. Those who suffer from hyperopia cannot focus on close objects and therefore, see them blurred. The exact cause of the condition is unknown but family history is considered to contribute to long-sightedness.


Astigmatism is an eye condition in which the front of the eye (cornea) is not curved properly - the curve is irregular - flatter than the others. When light enters the eye, it does not focus correctly on the retina, resulting in a blurred image. Astigmatism may be caused by an irregularly shaped lens.


What Parents Need to Do

Eye problems can have profound effects on a kid’s academic performance, and their recreational activities may be impaired. Your child may not complain about his/her difficulty in vision. Therefore, parents must get their child's eyes examined before the age of 3 years and every 3-4 years thereafter. Regular eye examinations are important to ascertain that health conditions don’t come in the way of child’s growth and development.



Read more articles on Eye Disorders.