Signs and symptoms of coronary microvascular disease

Updated at: Jan 16, 2018
Signs and symptoms of  coronary microvascular disease

The causes of coronary microvascular disease are the same as atherosclerosis Unhealthy blood cholesterol levels, unhealthy eating habits, lack of exercise, etc.

Vasudha Bhat
Heart HealthWritten by: Vasudha BhatPublished at: Aug 26, 2017

What is a coronary microvascular disease?

A condition of the heart that can affect the tiny coronary arteries is known as coronary microvascular disease (MVD). In this condition, the walls of the heart’s tiny arteries are damaged or diseased.

Coronary MVD is different from the conventional coronary heart disease, which is also known as coronary artery disease. 

In coronary MVD, the tiny arteries in the heart get affected. The plaque does not create blockages in these vessels as it does in the heart’s large arteries.

Coronary Microvascular Disease Causes

Other names for coronary microvascular disease

Other names with which coronary MVD can be referred are:

  • Cardiac syndrome X
  • Nonobstructive coronary heart disease 

What are the causes?

The risk factors that cause atherosclerosis are the ones that lead to coronary MVD. Atherosclerosis is a condition in which plaque starts building up inside the arteries.

The risk factors of atherosclerosis are:

  • Unhealthy blood cholesterol levels
  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking
  • Insulin resistance
  • Diabetes
  • Overweight and obesity
  • Lack of physical activities
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Older age
  • Family history of heart disease

Warning signs of coronary MVD

If a person suffers from coronary MVD, they must know the warning signs of a heart attack. The signs and symptoms of a heart attack include:

Pain in chest and discomfort. This may include uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center or left side of the chest that can vary from mild to strong discomfort in the upper body which may affect one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or upper part of the stomach, Breathlessness, Nausea, vomiting, light-headedness or fainting or breaking out in a cold sweat problems with sleep, fatigue and lack of energy

Image Source: Getty



All possible measures have been taken to ensure accuracy, reliability, timeliness and authenticity of the information; however does not take any liability for the same. Using any information provided by the website is solely at the viewers’ discretion. In case of any medical exigencies/ persistent health issues, we advise you to seek a qualified medical practitioner before putting to use any advice/tips given by our team or any third party in form of answers/comments on the above mentioned website.

This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. OK