Vaginal bleeding is a common problem during pregnancy. On an average 20 to 30% of pregnant women experience vaginal spotting or bleeding.
Pregnancy is already a very difficult time, and to top that you could also bleed from the vagina. It sounds bad, and it is a bad experience too. Know all about it.
Vaginal bleeding is a common problem in pregnancy, it is common amongst 20 to 30% of pregnant women. Pregnant women often experience vaginal spotting or bleeding in early pregnancy. Ultrasound, sonogram and pelvic examination are best ways to determine the reason for vaginal bleeding.
Bleeding in Early Pregnancy
In the first trimester (initial three months of pregnancy) vaginal bleeding may vary from slight spotting to severe clots. One needs to have a sonogram or pelvic examination to determine the real reason for bleeding. A few possibilities for vaginal bleeding include:
- Implantation: when the fertilised egg attaches itself to the uterus wall.
- Miscarriage: it is loss of pregnancy in its early stage i.e. within first twelve weeks of pregnancy. Even though 15 to 20% of pregnancies ends in miscarriage but every bleeding can’t be associated with miscarriage.
Bleeding in Late Pregnancy
Vaginal bleeding in late pregnancy can pose serious threat to mother and the baby. It requires immediate medical attention. Heavy bleeding at this stage is commonly related to placenta. Two main reasons for bleeding during late pregnancy include:
- Placenta Previa- It is a very rare complication i.e. 1 in 200 pregnancies has chances of developing placenta previa. Here the placenta grows in the lower part of uterus and fully or partially covers the cervix opening.
- Placental Abruption- Here placenta either partially or fully detaches itself from uterus. Women who are more than 35 years of age, have sickle cell anemia or had several pregnancies are at risk of placental abruption. Its symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding.
Bleeding as Indication of Labour
In the third trimester of pregnancy, vaginal bleeding can signify pre-term labour. When mucus cover is passed, it (mucus) starts mixing with blood. If this happens before few days of your due date then there is no reason to worry but if it occurs much earlier then immediately talk to your doctor about it.
- Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)- During pregnancy, the bladder and kidney become sensitive and more prone to UTI. Vaginal bleeding can occur as an indication of UTI.
- Intercourse: Some women experience vaginal bleeding after sexual intercourse.
- Ectopic Pregnancy: Sometimes fertilised eggs get attached to the fallopian tube i.e. outside the uterus. Bleeding in early weeks of pregnancy can be one of its symptoms.
Careful examination and proper treatment should follow for vaginal bleeding, meet a doctor as fast as you can.
Read more articles on Problems during Pregnancy
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