3 Types of Ayurveda Dosha

Updated at: Sep 27, 2011
3 Types of Ayurveda Dosha

Types of Ayurveda Dosha - In ayurveda it is believed that every individual has three types of dosha. However, it is only one or two that are dominant in an individual. Disturbance in any dosha can cause disease in body.

Dr Poonam Sachdev
AyurvedaWritten by: Dr Poonam SachdevPublished at: Sep 26, 2011

Ayurveda DoshaAyurveda is a holistic system of treatment and is the oldest healing science that focuses on maintaining a physically and emotionally balanced state of the body. This system of medicine was shaped in the ancient lands of India about 5,000–6,000 years ago.


3 types of Ayurveda Dosha

According to ayurveda, every person has a distinct pattern of energy; a specific combination of physical, mental, and emotional characteristics just like all of us have a unique thumbprint. Based on this concept of energy, ayurveda considers that there are three basic energy types called doshas, which are present in every person.


  • Vata: This energy controls bodily functions related with motion, as well as blood circulation, breathing, blinking, and the beating of the heart. Vata energy in proper balance promotes creativity and vitality and its imbalance can cause fear and anxiety.
  • Pita: This energy controls the body's metabolic systems, as well as digestion, absorption, nutrition, and body temperature. Pita energy in proper balance promotes contentment and intelligence and pitta imbalance can lead to ulcers and it also arouses anger.
  • Kapha: Kapha dosha controls growth of the body. It provides water to all body parts, moisturises the skin, and sustains the immune system of the body. Kapha energy in proper balance promotes love and forgiveness and its imbalance causes insecurity and envy.


According to ayurveda all of us have all the three doshas, however only 1 or 2 are dominant in an individual. The physiological and personality traits and general likes and dislikes of any person are determined by his various dosha proportions. For example, a person with vata dosha prefers hot weather to cold and people with kapha dosha prefer spicy foods. Dosha balance can be disturbed by various reasons such as stress, an unhealthy diet, the weather, and strained family relationships. The disturbance of doshas is expressed in the body as disease. Ayurvedic treatment aims to restore the doshas back into balance.


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