Not prepared to take responsibility of a child? Learn the various birth control methods and their effectiveness.
Pregnancy gives you a lifelong responsibility which demands your mental, emotional, physical and financial preparedness. If you find yourself incapable of nurturing a child, you can resort to an effective birth control method suggested, here.
In a woman with normal menstrual cycle .i.e.28 days, ovulation occurs after 14 days of her last period. She remains fertile until 15th day. Sperm entering into vagina during this period can fertilise the released egg leading to conception. However, you must know that sperms can remain alive for five days. Thus, restrain from having intercourse for at least one week around the expected ovulation.
Tell your partner
Communicate to your partner that presently you are not willing to conceive. Discuss using contraceptives more often. Discuss the various forms of contraceptives available and decide on the most suitable one. You can also share the responsibility of contraception.
Abstinence and outer course
The 100 per cent safe method of birth control is still abstinence. Another almost as safe birth control method is outercourse, which involves discharging outside the vagina or no contact of the penis or semen with woman’s vagina.
These surgical methods are resorted to by many couples who do not want to conceive. In vasectomy, vasa deferentia of a man are sealed to restrict sperm’s entry into the seminal stream.
Tubal ligation is also known as female sterilisation. In tubal ligation, woman’s fallopian tubes are blocked to prevent eggs from reaching the uterus for fertilisation.
Intrauterine Device (IUD)
It’s a small plastic device, which is placed in the uterus and it prevents fertilisation of any egg. An IUD can prevent pregnancy for as long as 12 years and can be removed if you want to get pregnant. Ask your gynaecologist about it.
Birth control shot
This is an injection containing progestin, which a woman receives in every trimester to prevent pregnancy.
Commonly known barriers
Condoms, female condoms, diaphragms, cervical caps, and birth control sponges, such as spermicides prevent pregnancy by blocking the entry of sperms into the cervix.
A small plastic device is implanted under the skin in the upper arm. This matchstick like implant releases progestin, a hormone which restricts ovaries from releasing the eggs. This implant provides effective prevention for three years.
Two hormone control methods
These include birth control pills, which can be taken by mouth with water. Market is flooded with emergency contraceptive pills that are taken within three days of having intercourse. Another method is rings that are placed in vagina. Ring is effective for three weeks and is placed once every month.
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