Water-Borne Diseases: Stay Safe From These 5 Summer Diseases That Happen Due To Water

Updated at: May 27, 2020
Water-Borne Diseases: Stay Safe From These 5 Summer Diseases That Happen Due To Water

Beware of these water-borne diseases. They may show minor symptoms but can claim lives if not diagnosed on time.

Vani Malik
Other DiseasesWritten by: Vani MalikPublished at: Mar 26, 2015

Summer brings with it various health concerns, including water-related diseases too. Water-related diseases are the most common cause of deaths. The paucity of clean water for domestic use has led to an increase in the number of deaths in both the urban and rural parts of developing economies. And India is no different. Deaths due to water-related diseases in India are in the range of nearly 80 per cent. Here is a list of the 5 most deadly water-related diseases that occur in India. One must understand that most water diseases transmit due to various reasons. Firstly, it is all about maintaining essential cleanliness in your surroundings, in what you eat and what you drink. Water-borne diseases happen only when there is lesser access to safe drinking water for one and all. Also, summer brings with it the rising causes of water-related diseases. Hence, these 5 deadly water diseases are must be known:

Diarrhoea

all-about-diarrhoea

This water-related illness can happen due to consuming contaminated. Diarrhoea can be categorised with frequent, loose, watery stool. Most cases of diarrhoea happen due to bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Diarrhoea can range from mild, temporary conditions to potentially fatal. Globally, an estimated 2 billion cases of diarrhoea occur each year, and around 1.9 million children under 5 years of age die of diarrhoea. Mild cases of acute diarrhoea may resolve without treatment. Persistent or chronic diarrhoea can be diagnosed, and any underlying causes other than diarrhoea symptoms can be treated with medication. Following are some signs of diarrhoea:

  • Stomach pain
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Watery and loose stool
  • Loss of water content, leading to dehydration  
  • Blood in the stool or pus
  • Frequent vomiting

Also Read: Understanding Anxiety Diarrhea: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Cholera

precautions-for-cholera

Cholera, a disease caused by bacteria, spreads through contaminated eating and drinking. Cholera is an acute diarrheal infection caused by bacteria called Vibrio cholera. Often, people do not know about cholera due to which it takes a severe form. It is essential to identify cholera in the initial condition. Thousands of people fall prey to cholera every year in India. Symptoms of cholera include watery bowels and fever in some instances. Often people are unable to eat food during cholera disease due to which their blood sugar level decreases. There can be a lack of potassium in the body, which has a direct effect on the body. In such a situation, it is essential to heal yourself quickly and eliminate bacteria, for which you need a better diet. First of all, eat clean and add ORS to your diet with fennel water, fresh fruit juice. Here are some symptoms of Cholera that you need to know:

  • Diarrhoea with vomiting
  • Urination decreases
  • The body started getting cold.
  • Accelerated heart rate
  • Constant fatigue
  • Low blood pressure
  • Lack of water in the body
  • Dryness in mouth and nose

Malaria

what-are-the-symptoms-of-malaria

Malaria is caused due to the bite of female 'anopheles' mosquitoes that thrive in dirty water. Malaria mosquitoes bite more at night. The reason for the birth of these mosquitoes is due to the collection of water in pits, garbage and spoiled tires, pot coolers etc. Therefore, it is essential not to allow water to accumulate around your office or homes. The initial signs of malaria start with fever, leading to a reduced haemoglobin. Every person reacts to sickness differently, and it also depends on the infection. Malaria outbreaks are more rampant due to frequent weather fluctuations. This change in weather also creates favourable conditions for these mosquitoes. In such a situation, it is essential that you take full care of your health in the changing season and wear full-sleeved clothes. Some symptoms of malaria to understand the situation better:

  • Cold fever
  • Fever every two or three days
  • Fever with severe headache
  • Fainting in serious cases
  • Hand cramps

Japanese Encephalitis

Japanese encephalitis is spread by infected mosquito bites. While most cases are very mild, some cases may cause inflammation of the brain. One should watch for signs such as sudden headache, high fever, vomiting, seizures and disorientation. If you experience these symptoms again and again, you should consult a doctor. A vaccine against this virus is available. If you think that you are going to a place where you or your child is likely to catch the Japanese encephalitis virus, pre-vaccination is recommended. This vaccination is to be taken in two doses 28 days apart. The symptoms of Japanese encephalitis include fever, vomiting, headaches and in acute cases, coma, seizures and finally death. The vaccine for Japanese encephalitis is very expensive therefore most of the economically backward families in India cannot afford it.

water-related-diseases-in-india

Also Read: Pneumonia Prevention: Dr Poonam Sachdev Explains How Can One Prevent Pneumonia

Filariasis

Filaria is the world's second-largest disease that can lead to the payient becoming handicapped. Lymphatic filariasis is commonly called filariasis. Filaria is spread by mosquitoes, primarily through the parasitic Culax phantigans female mosquito. Then when this mosquito bites a healthy person, Filaria virus enters his body through blood. But most infections remain silent for a very long time and only show when the symptoms have reached its extreme stage. Filariasis can lead to blindness, and rapid skin pigmentation and the filarial worms can affects various parts of the body.

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