Symptoms of hair loss in men
In men, hair loss can be seen often as a receding hairline and thinning of hair on the scalp. The hairline usually begins to recede at the temples first, followed by thinning at the top of the head. The top of the head or crown suffers the maximum hair loss and eventually a total baldness is not uncommon. This is male pattern baldness.
Symptoms of hair loss in women
In women, hair loss is in the form of hair thinning all over the scalp but mainly at the crown. The chances of complete baldness in women are rare unless her hair loss is stress related as in the case of complete hair loss experienced during chemotherapy. A woman will lose fewer strands of hair unlike men who end up with a receding hairline or bald spots, a woman’s hair will thin out behind the original hairline and evenly all over her scalp.
Therefore hair thinning is a common symptom between men and women. However, what differs is the pattern of eventual baldness which strikes men more than women. Widening of hair partition and change in the hairline is also seen as symptoms of hair loss. Continuous shedding of hair is another symptom in both men and women which is not only restricted to shower time but anytime during the day and can be noticed on clothing, bed linen and combs. Hair breakage is also a sign of hair loss striking both men and women though in women it is hard to ascertain especially because of the usage of heat generating styling tools which can cause breakage.
Although in majority of the cases hair loss takes place gradually, it is easy to notice when you are losing much more than you normally do. If you are experiencing a change in hormones, as in the case of pregnancy or you have undergone a surgery that has caused stress such as chemotherapy, hair loss becomes more prominent.
There are various types of hair loss and they show different symptoms
- Alopecia areata or spot baldness:Alopecia areata or spot baldness in children and young adults affects suddenly and is not a gradual onset; it is characterized by loss of hair in patches.
Hair loss due to tinea infections or fungal infections of the scalp is characterized by small patches of baldness, scaling of the scalp or areas of broken hair that look like black dots.
If there is a complete loss of hair on the body it is a rare disease called alopecia universalis.
- Trichotillomania:Seen mostly in children, trichotillomania is a psychological disorder characterized by patches of broken hair and incomplete hair loss mostly in the scalp but sometimes involving the eyebrows which happens due to compulsive hair pulling and rubbing.
- Telogen effluvium:Telogen effluvium which is characterized by excessive hair thinning and shedding over the scalp but not complete baldness are (is) the after effects of various illnesses and their drug treatments, anemia, stress, crash diets or pregnancy.
- Traumatic alopecia:In traumatic alopecia, the area of hair loss depends on the method of hair injury and follows the pattern inflicted by hot rollers or chemical treatments.