Many men and women with the infection may not have any symptoms. Symptoms of genital Chlamydia develop more often in men than women. Some symptoms of Chlamydia infection in men include discharge from the urethra, burning sensation while passing
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease, which spreads easily with intimate sexual contact during vaginal, anal or oral sex. People with the infection may not experience any symptom and therefore, let the Chlamydia spread among their partners. According to studies, about 50% of men and 75% of women have no symptoms. The infection occurs most often in the cervix in women and the urethra in men. It can infect rectum in both men and women. In some cases, Chlamydia may infect other parts of the body including the throat and eyes.
Symptoms of Chlamydia infection in men: Symptoms of genital Chlamydia develop more often in men than women. About 50% of men with the infection develop symptoms. The signs and symptoms may start 1-3 weeks after coming in contact with a person with the infection, many months later or after the infection has spread to other parts of the body.
Some symptoms that may develop in men with Chlamydia infection include:
- A white, cloudy or watery discharge from the urethra (opening of the penis, which carries urine and sperm).
- Burning sensation while passing urine.
- Pain on urination.
- Pain or discomfort in the testicles.
Most men have mild symptoms that may subside after two or three days. They, however, remain infective even after the discomfort disappears and can transmit the infection on sexual contact. Apart from this, they may develop complications such as inflamed and swollen testicles, reactive arthritis and infertility if the infection is not diagnosed and treated appropriately.
Symptoms of Chlamydia infection in women
In women, genital Chlamydia causes symptoms in less than 50% of the cases. Studies indicate that about 50%-75% of all women infected with Chlamydia have no symptoms. In men, the signs and symptoms may start 1-3 weeks after coming in contact with a person with the infection, many months later or after the infection has spread to other parts of the body. Some symptoms that may develop in woman with Chlamydia infection include:
- Painful urination (due to cystitis).
- Vaginal discharge—may be clear yellowish or foul smelling.
- Vaginal irritation.
- Dull lower abdominal pain.
- Pain during sexual intercourse or bleeding during sex.
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding such as bleeding between periods or heavier periods.
If the infection is not treated, it can spread to the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID can lead to complications such as infertility, ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage.
Other symptoms in men and women
It can infect rectum in both men and women after anal sex, which may cause symptoms such as anal irritation, anal discharge etc. In some cases, chlamydia may infect other parts of the body including the throat and eyes. If the infection involves the eyes, it can cause pain, swelling, irritation and discharge (conjunctivitis). Infection of the eye can cause loss of vision. In most cases, infection of the throat causes no symptoms.
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