Paralysis is a clinical condition which leaves a person immobile for as long as they are alive. While there can be multiple causes for the same, here are some that are less heard of.
A paralytic attack leads to a complete loss of functionality or inability of a muscle to function effectively in the body. Muscle inability, however, does not necessarily cause paralysis; it happens when the communication between the muscles and the brain is disrupted. Therefore, paralysis happens mostly due to damage tothe nerves.
The effect of paralysis on the body or on the specific muscle group completely depends on the cause behind it.
Different Causes of Paralysis
According to statistics, 1 out of every 50 people around the world is diagnosed with some kind of paralysis. Know some of the less-known causes of paralysis.
This is an infection caused by infected ticks. The insects who feed on mammals including humans transmit bacteria into the mammal’s blood which causes nerve damage and further leads to temporary or permanent paralysis of the face.
Paralysis mostly occurs in patients suffering from high grade brain tumour. This cancer mostly leads to paralysis of one side of the body and can spread to the brain or spinal cord from any other part of the body.
Cerebral palsy means paralysis of the brain; it is a neurodegenerative disorder. It is caused due to abnormal development of the brain or due to damage to the part of the brain that regulates movement. Paralysis is the most significant characteristic of this problem.
Motor Neuron Disease
This occurs in the nerves present in the brain and spinal cord. This neuro-degenerative disease affects the motor neurons which are responsible for controlling the movement of voluntary muscles. It leads to weakened muscles hence, causing paralysis.
This type of spina bifida affects the nervous system of a person. It is a clinical condition of the nervous system whereby the spine is congenially affected. The effect on the nervous system results in permanent, partial or complete paralysis of lower limbs.
As many as 30 per cent cases of paralysis are caused due to stroke. The different kinds of paralysis caused by stroke, include:
- Hemiplegia or one sided paralysis
- Hemiparesis, that is, weakness or inability to move one side of the body
- Spasticity, meaning, stiff or tight muscles
- Dysphagia or trouble swallowing
- Foot drop or inability to raise the front part of the foot
The causes of paralysis may be many but, they all result in loss of body movement and can leave the patient bed-ridden for the rest of their lives.
Image courtesy: Getty Images
Read more on Stroke.
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