Pre-Diabetes Linked to Stroke Risk

Updated at: Jun 26, 2012
Pre-Diabetes Linked to Stroke Risk

A study has proven the link between pre-diabetes and the likelihood of stroke.

Bhadra Kamalasanan
DiabetesWritten by: Bhadra KamalasananPublished at: Jun 19, 2012

Pre Diabetes Linked to Stroke Risk

Researchers from the University of California at San Diego analysed over 15 studies of 761,000 people to know whether or not pre-diabetes is linked to stroke risk. The sad news is that, it does, sometimes.

Pre-diabetes refers to the zero stage of diabetes when the blood sugar levels in an individual are high but not so high to be diagnosed as diabetes. If you are pre-diabetic, you are at a full-blown risk of developing diabetes sooner or later. Fortunately, if you learn the symptoms of diabetes and raise a suspicion flag in front of a health care provider well in time, you have a chance of being unqualified for the disease. The risk of stroke varies based on the definition of pre-diabetes. Not all the studies have defined pre-diabetes in a similar way.

The studies with participants whose blood sugar levels were in the 110 to 125 mg/dl range displayed 21% greater chances of stroke. The studies that had a less restrictive range showed a greater risk for stroke.

Typically, a future stroke risk starts to rise at or above fasting glucose levels of 110mg/dl. Bruce Ovbiagele, MD, University of California, said that if one falls under the category of pre-diabetics, he/she must look forward to altering lifestyle. He also added that such patients must strive to maintain a normal weight by way of exercising at least three times in a week.

There is no medicine that can treat pre-diabetes, but lifestyle medications that act as virtual medicines. Lifestyle modifications can help prevent more than 50% of people from developing frank diabetes from pre-diabetes, which increases a person’s risk of experiencing stroke. Ovbiagele said that the greatest advantage of lifestyle changes is that they did not have any side-effects. He further added that there is a growing epidemic of pre-diabetes and people must check with their doctor whether or not they have it notwithstanding the difference in the definitions.

Minisha Sood, MD agrees with the notion that lifestyle changes can help stave off the likelihood of full-blown diabetes in the future. She said that pre-diabetes can be an important warning sign for health problems in the future. She suggests that people, who have an impaired fasting glucose, should make sure that they endorse at least five per cent to 10 per cent of weight loss if they are obese by doing 150 minutes of exercise every week.


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