Is there a Correlation between Periodontal Disease and Bone Health?

Updated at: Jan 14, 2015
Is there a Correlation between Periodontal Disease and Bone Health?

Periodontitis can be described as a chronic infection that affects the gums and the bones that support the teeth. The relationship between periodontitis and skeletal bone density is less clear, but studies suggest there could be one.

Himanshu Sharma
Oral Health ConditionsWritten by: Himanshu SharmaPublished at: Jan 30, 2013

It is estimated that periodontal disease affects almost everyone at some point of time. Periodontitis can be described as a chronic infection that affects the gums and the bones that support the teeth. Bacteria and the body's own immune system break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. Teeth may eventually become loose, fall out, or have to be removed.

 

periodontal disease bone health

 

Link between Periodontal Disease and Bone Health

Tooth loss is a well-documented consequence of periodontitis. Besides tooth loss, there are many other complications that the disease puts forth. The relationship between periodontitis and skeletal bone density is less clear, but there is one.

Some studies have found a strong and direct relationship among bone loss, periodontitis, and tooth loss. It is possible that the loss of alveolar bone mineral density leaves bone more susceptible to periodontal bacteria, increasing the risk for periodontitis and tooth loss.

 

How to Take Care of Periodontal Disease

First, you must visit your dentist as often as possible for regular cleanings and checkups.If you have a periodontal disease, consult your dentist or periodontist to safeguard yourself against complications. Sometimes surgical procedures are required for periodontal diseases that are not responsive to non-surgical therapies.

Health care providers will recommend a healthy diet to prevent complications of periodontal disease. Limit your intake of sweets, remember to brush and floss without a miss. Take vitamin C and calcium to maintain bone health. Vitamin C rich-foods including fruits such as orange, kiwi, cantaloupe, or berries and vegetables such as broccoli or spinach--are excellent agents for keeping your gums healthy and also aid in absorption of calcium, a nutrient essential to maintain a healthy bones.

 

(Image source:Gettyimages.in)

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