Diphtheria is a bacterial infection and should be treated and cure on time to avoid serious health concerns.
Some research has shown that diphtheria usually affects children under 15 years of age. Its initial symptoms are seen as typical cold. However, if not treated on time, it can also become a cause of a nervous breakdown and heart failure. Diphtheria is a bacterial infection. It usually affects the mucous membranes of the nose and throat. Due to this bacterial infection, problems like swelling in the throat, fever, and difficulty in swallowing arise.
Diphtheria is an infectious disease, i.e. it can spread from one person to another. This disease is caused by bacteria and microorganisms, which are known as Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Although many other reasons can also be responsible for this, this happens only in rare cases. These bacteria produce certain types of toxins, which cause many health problems.
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As per laboratory studies published in Medscape, diphtheria patients are diagnosed by taking specimens from the throat and nose and are sent for culture for final diagnosis. Also, samples are taken from beneath the membrane and from the nose and throat. As this condition is common among kids, it is essential to diagnose the disease on time for timely treatment.
Vaccination can protect a child from diphtheria disease. Routine vaccination involves the DPT vaccine (diphtheria, pertussis, whooping cough and tetanus). A 1-year-old child receives 3 vaccines of DPT. This vaccine is followed by another at one and a half years of age and the fifth vaccine at the age of 4. Diphtheria is unlikely to occur after vaccination. The diphtheria vaccine administered to children does not remain effective for more than 10 years. Therefore, children should be given a diphtheria vaccine again at the age of 12 years.
Food And Nutrition During Diphtheria
Diphtheria treatment can take a long time, and necessary precautions and home remedies can give a remarkable relief to diphtheria patients. It is essential to make some dietary changes while undergoing treatment to fasten the recovery process. Following are some of the food groups that one should have while taking medication for diphtheria:
- Non-citrus juices
- Foods in semi-solid forms like crushed rice and cold items like ice creams
- Vegetables to enhance gut health
- Garlic as it naturally reduces inflammation in the body
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Following are some of the food items that one should avoid if suffering from diphtheria as eating the right food and timely medication is the only key for complete treatment:
- Stay away from spicy food as it may add to the inflammation of the throat
- Also, steer from oils and fatty foods as they take longer for digestion and leave behind traces of oil as a coating on the swelling.
- Alcohol is a big no-no during diphtheria treatment as this hampers the effect of most of the medicines.
Simple Home Remedies
You can find a cure or prevention for almost every disease around you. The same applies to diphtheria. Below mentioned are some simple home remedies that can try to avoid or enhance the treatment of diphtheria:
- Have plenty of water as hydration is a must for any diphtheria patient and otherwise as well.
- Take plenty of rest as diphtheria medication can be heavy on the body
- Keep washing your hands in regular intervals
- Get vaccination done for diphtheria
- Diphtheria patients should avoid sleeping on their back to restrict the swallowing of secreted saliva.
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