What Is Lyme Disease? Here Are Its Causes, Symptoms, Prevention And Treatment

Updated at: Nov 23, 2020
What Is Lyme Disease? Here Are Its Causes, Symptoms, Prevention And Treatment

Lyme disease: It is an infection caused by the bite of the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. Know what causes this disease and what are its signs.

Tavishi Dogra
MiscellaneousWritten by: Tavishi DograPublished at: Nov 23, 2020

What is Lyme disease? It is a contagious infection caused by the bite/spread of a bacterium called Borrelia Burgdorferi. The disease progresses within three to thirty days after being bitten by the bacteria. It takes thirty days or sometimes a few more months for the signs to appear. Lyme disease causes swelling and red spots on the hands and feet of an infected person. As per experts, till date, there is no guarantee, whether Lyme disease can be cured. Therefore, this disease is also called incurable disease. Every year more than 30,000 cases of Lyme disease are reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). So, with this article, we are going to tell you, what is the cause of Lyme disease and how it exhibits the signs and symptoms. 

Causes of Lyme Disease: As we have already mentioned above that Lyme disease is caused by the bite of a bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi. However, some inherited genetic factors may also influence the risk of Lyme disease. It is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected black-legged ticks. Common symptoms include headache, fever, fatigue, and erythema migrans (a typical skin rash).

Also Read: Sedentary Lifestyle For 20 Years, Doubles The Risk Of Sudden Death!

Lyme disease: Signs and symptoms

  • Rashes on various parts of the body.
  • Fever. 
  • Swelling and muscle or joint pain 
  • Headache.
Signs and symptoms of Lyme disease
  • Numbness of hands and feet.
  • Arthritis pain. 
  • Weakness.
  • Changes in a heartbeat (heart problems)

Lyme disease prevention and control 

Lyme disease prevention and control

  • Here we are providing some steps to prevent Lyme disease. It includes removing ticks promptly, using insect repellent, reducing tick habitat and applying pesticides. Do you know that the ticks that transmit Lyme disease can occasionally transmit other tickborne diseases as well?
  • There are various techniques by which you can prevent this infection from tick bites. The first is how you dress! Wear covered clothes and cover your skin as much as possible (especially during the weather change). Along with this, if you notice any symptoms on your skin, then you should immediately contact for examination.

Why is there an increased risk of Lyme disease? 

risk of Lyme disease

  • Lyme disease bacteria often attack the skin, so keep your skin well covered during the changing weather.
  • Staying in the grassy areas, sitting in a park near for a long time can push you towards Lyme disease. Lyme disease bacteria are found mostly found in these areas.
  • This becomes especially important for children because they spend too much time in these areas while playing.

Treatment for chronic Lyme disease in humans 

  • Lyme disease is treated by drugs, in which various antibiotics are used. But it is treated only after the doctor examines the signs and symptoms. 
  • Doctors tell that if the Lyme disease is not detected correctly, then its treatment is prolonged, and during this time, they are given lots of antibiotics. 

  • Not only this, if the Lyme disease is not treated in time, then it can also spread in various parts and organs of your body (including your heart, joints and other nervous systems).
  • In maximum cases, Lyme disease is successfully treated with oral antibiotics. In some patients, signs, such as pain, fatigue and muscle or joint aches, continue even after medication, a disease termed PTLDS “Post Treatment Lyme Disease Syndrome”.

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