Japanese Encephalitis: Treatment, Procedure, Prevention And Side Effects

Updated at: Jul 29, 2020
Japanese Encephalitis: Treatment, Procedure, Prevention And Side Effects

How much do you know about Japanese encephalitis? Do you know that this viral disease infects humans and animals?

Tavishi Dogra
Other DiseasesWritten by: Tavishi DograPublished at: Jul 29, 2020

What is Japanese encephalitis? It is commonly known as Japanese fever in people. It is a type of meningitis caused by a viral infection. It spreads among people due to a particular kind of virus, viral mosquitoes or pigs. What is the cost of treatment in India? A session of a doctor's consultation can cost between ₹ 700 - ₹ 1300. Japanese encephalitis prevention measures: Get vaccinated in time, stay clean. Avoid coming in contact with dirty water. Do not allow water to accumulate around mosquitoes. Give children better food during the rainy season. What are the guidelines after Japanese encephalitis treatment? The patient should complete bed rest for a few weeks and consume lots of fluids. A healthy and nutritious diet should be consumed. People experiencing paralysis, inability to speak and recurring seizures should be appropriately cared for. How long does it take to recover? The recovery period may be a few weeks depending on the severity of your condition.

PIGS

Symptoms of Japanese encephalitis are:

Fever, headache, neck stiffness, weakness, and vomiting are the initial signs of this fever. Over time, the trouble starts to increase, and there is always lethargy—loss of appetite, high temperature, hypersensitivity. At the same time, after some time, falling prey to confusion, then seizures of insanity, paralysis and the condition can reach coma. In very young children, symptoms like prolonged crying, loss of appetite, fever and vomiting start appearing.

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What is the treatment for Japanese encephalitis?

FEVER

Japanese encephalitis is a viral contamination that causes inflammation in the brain. The virus is spread by infected mosquito bites and is commonly found in the West Pacific and Asia. People in agricultural and rural areas are more likely to suffer from this disease. Children suffer the most. Only one out of two hundred and fifty infections are diagnosed with encephalitis. While most cases are very mild, some cases may cause inflammation of the brain. One should watch for signs such as sudden headache, high fever, vomiting, seizures and disorientation. If you experience these signs, again and again, you should consult a doctor.

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How is the Japanese encephalitis treatment done?

Vaccination against this virus is available. If you are going to a place where you or your child is likely to catch the Japanese encephalitis virus, pre-vaccination is recommended. It provides over 90% protection. If you pick this infection, your doctor is first diagnosed by testing the cerebrospinal fluid for spinal tap and virus antigens. Blood tests are done to check the extent of disease. Treatment includes pain relief, antipyretics, with plenty of fluids. Bedrest is recommended for a few weeks. In some cases, individuals receiving treatment may be unable to speak, suffer recurring seizures, be paralyzed or maybe intellectually or behaviorally affected. So, providing supportive care to the patient is very important.

JAPANESE FEVER

What are the options for Japanese encephalitis treatment?

There is no substitute for treatment, but you can take some measures to prevent it. Go for vaccination if you are travelling in areas where you can catch this virus. Wear long-sleeved clothes and pants. When mosquitoes are very high, avoid going outside. Use mosquito repellent spray and mosquito repellent at bedtime. Are there any side effects of Japanese encephalitis treatment? If pregnant women undergo this treatment, it may harm the fetus. Vaccines in the injection area may cause mild pain and temporary redness.

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