How to Detect Breast Cancer in Men : Breast cancer is disease that arises from abnormal cells that grow in the breast tissue. Breast cancer most commonly occurs in women, but also men can get breast cancer. Male Breast Cancer.
Breast cancer has predominantly been a problem amongst women but the reported cases of men with breast cancer is increasing significantly. One must know that breast cancer occurs due to an abnormal growth in cells of the breast tissue.
Men possess a small amount of breast tissue that are non functional in nature. The breast tissue is located in the zone posterior to the nipple. This tissue is on the chest wall. Male hormones secreted by the testes subvert the growth of the breast tissue as men reach puberty.
The male breast is composed of small under developed ducts, fat and connective tissue. These ducts are the sites for tumour development. In men, the development of a lump is a signifier of a possibility of breast cancer similar to women. Lumps are usually benign but some lumps may become malignant if not detected and treated during the early stages of the tumour formation.
Guidelines for men to detect breast cancer
The Basic Examination Process:
- Conduct a self examination around your nipple. This can be done by placing two fingers on the zone of the nipple and around. Gently move your finger in a light circular motion and check for any lumpy formations. If you feel a lump, visit you doctor immediately.
- Consult your doctor for a comprehensive examination. He will palpate your nipple and the region around to check for any signs of developing a tumour in case of an unexplainable thickness. If you have a history of breast cancer in your family, it is advisable to undergo a breast examination as soon as you turn 50.
Clinical Detection techniques:
- Undergo a mammogram screening. In case the doctor suspects a lump, men will be asked to undergo a mammogram. A mammogram will detect the development of lobular masses. The size and pace of the development of the lump can be tracked, which will aid in proper prescription of drugs or therapy.
- An ultrasound is sometimes a more feasible option than mammogram as it will detect not only solid masses but even fluid filled cysts. Mammogram results most likely will not be able to confirm if the lump is solid or liquid whereas, an ultrasound can.
- A surgical biopsy can also be considered. A biopsy is performed to take a part of the tissue that has become a lump and check if it is malignant or non-malignant in nature. Different types of biopsy techniques such as fine needle aspiration biopsy, core biopsy and excision biopsy are suggested by doctors to check for cancerous growths.
- Estrogen and progesterone receptor test measure the amount of these hormones in the breast tissue. If cancer is detected then hormone therapy will be recommended to stop the cancerous cells from multiplying.
- Her2 Test is a test to measure the amount of Her2 in the breast tissue. Her2 is a protein that sends growth signals to cells which might be fatal as cancer cells will grow profusely. If detected, monoclonal antibody therapy will stop the cancer growth.
Read more articles on Male Breast Cancer.
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