How Hormones affect Women?

Updated at: May 12, 2015
How Hormones affect Women?

Women undergo various natural hormonal changes in different stages of their life.  It is very important for a woman to be aware of such changes for better coping hormonal transitions that occur from the period of puberty, pregnancy and menop

Editorial Team
Women's HealthWritten by: Editorial TeamPublished at: Feb 01, 2013

Women undergo various stages in their life where she experiences natural hormonal changes in her body. Hormonal transitions occur during puberty, pregnancy and menopause which make women prone to mood swings and depression. It is important for a woman to be aware of the various changes she will undergo due to natural hormonal changes occurring at various stages of her life as it will help her cope better.




During the stage of puberty, hormonal changes start occurring gradually which have concrete and permanent results on the female body. Hormonal changes at this point of life result in development of breasts, growth of hair in private parts and also growth in height. The process of menstruation also starts at this point. The transition that occurs in the body takes about three to four years and a girl experiences a variety of emotions. A girl has to adapt to her changing body, beginning of sexuality and onset of fertility which makes her emotionally vulnerable and confused. The pituitary gland plays an important role in this stage as it signals the body to produce hormones for development of the body and reproductive organs.




In pregnancy, the drop in certain hormones such as estrogen and progesterone which takes place during menstruation does not occur instead a new hormone comes into play. Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin (HCG) is manufactured by the growing placenta which triggers the ovaries into manufacturing increased levels of estrogen and progesterone which would be necessary to carry a pregnancy to full term. Home pregnancy test kits are developed to find out the presence of HCG in a woman’s urine.



After childbirth the increased levels of hormones decline sharply which causes a number of physical and emotional changes. The body starts functioning like earlier but due to the changes in hormonal levels, postpartum depression is a common phenomenon in certain women. Hormonal changes occur during monthly menstruation cycle too which is commonly known as Pre-Menstrual Syndrome (PMS). Symptoms that accompany PMS include breast tenderness, bloating, mood swings and even skin eruptions. The reason behind occurrence of these symptoms is debatable as not only hormonal but psychological and environmental factors can play a role too.


Menopause and pre-menopause


During menopause or perimenopause which means the body is approaching a permanent cessation of menstruation cycle, the body experiences a fluctuation of hormones. This period in a woman’s life may last from two to ten years which is characterized by irregular menstruation cycle and abnormal flow of blood during menstruation. Eventually the production of hormone estrogen drops so much that lining of the uterus which is necessary for pregnancy stops altogether and menstruation ceases completely.


Symptoms of menopause


The female hormone estrogen benefits the woman in various ways as it helps protect the heart and bone health also helps maintain the reproductive organs in good health. The following symptoms are noticed during menopause:


  • Hot flushes and sweating
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Painful intercourse
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Frequent urinary infections
  • Depression
  • Mood swings ( heightened emotions)
  • Panic attacks
  • Insomnia
  • Reduced concentration
  • Heart palpitations
  • Menopause can put you at risk of heart ailment and osteoporosis.

Dealing with menopause


You can treat menopause related symptoms with the help of Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT). Consult your doctor whether you need to undergo this procedure. Various other medications can also be prescribed to control the various symptoms of menopause. Certain steps you can take which will help you manage the menopause period in your life:


  •    Reduce unwanted stress.
  •    Have a balanced diet.
  •    Exercising regularly (Exercise), not only will it help your overall health but will aid you sleep better.
  •    Have a positive attitude.
  •    Use relaxation techniques such as yoga, breathing exercises and meditation.


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