How Does Diabetes Affect Your Body?

Updated at: May 22, 2012
How Does Diabetes Affect Your Body?

Know how diabetes can damage your body and be better prepared to deal with these conditions.

Vatsal Anand
DiabetesWritten by: Vatsal AnandPublished at: Mar 01, 2012

How Does Diabetes Affect Your BodyIf you are aware of the ways diabetes affects your body, it would help you look after it much better. The most common diabetic complications are due to high cholesterol, high blood pressure and not controlling blood glucose level. Some of the commonly experienced symptoms of uncontrolled or undiagnosed diabetes are:

  • Fatigue.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Increased thirst.
  • Blurring of vision.
  • Tingling sensation in the hands or/and legs.

These are the short-terms symptoms of an undiagnosed or uncontrolled case of diabetes. In the long term, people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes are at a much increased risk of disorder of the eyes, nerves, kidney and blood vessels. That is diabetics are required to screen for signs of damage quite early in their treatment regime.


Eye damage due to Diabetes

The condition diabetic eye is one in which the retina balloons out in the form of pouches. It is the initial stage of the condition and can lead to blindness if not treated promptly. If the weaker vessels caused by the condition take the place of damaged blood vessels, there are chances of rupture with bleeding. The vision would also get blocked. Retina may also get distorted due to growth of scar tissue.


Kidney damage due to Diabetes

Diabetes can cause the blood vessels in the kidney to leak. The effect is that proteins formed in there get drained out with urine. If the condition gets aggravated, you may have to get regular dialysis for performing the function of the kidney or get a kidney transplant.


Diabetes can lead to Heart Diseases

High blood sugar can lead to the damage of blood vessels which causes its blockage. Compared with general population, diabetics are twice or four times more likely to develop a heart ailment or get a stroke. Blocked blood vessels of the legs may lead to amputation of the limbs if the condition does not improve. Cuts and infections may not heal because of this.


Nerve damage due to Diabetes

It is common for diabetics to complain of tingling sensation in legs. This is because of neuropathy that causes damage to the nerves. The most damaging complication in this is that you do not feel any injuries that occur in your legs. That is why diabetics are advised to undergo leg exam every year.


Read more articles on Understand Diabetes




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