Thyroid gland, which is located at the bottom of the throat, produces hormones that affect some functions of the body. These functions include stabilizing body temperature and regulating the heart rate.
Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland produces excessive amount of thyroid hormones. Thyroid gland is mainly responsible for regulating metabolism..
Symptoms of thyroid hormone deficiency are generally non specific like dry hair and skin, loss of memory, irregular period in females, mild fatigue and weight gain and develops over time.
Once thyroid is hit by auto immunity it cannot be cured back to normal. However we can adequately replace the thyroid hormones from outside, maintaining good TSH level.
Hypothyroidism is more common in women due to auto immunity and female hormones. Auto immunity attacks the thyroid glands of the body.