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Insulin Facts:Things you must know

Insulin is an essential, naturally-secreted hormone that the body needs. Here is everything you need to know about insulin.

Diabetes By Himanshu SharmaNov 07, 2014

What is Insulin?

Insulin is an essential naturally-secreted hormone that the body needs. The human body cannot work correctly when the insulin levels are less, impaired or destroyed within the body.(image courtesy: getty)

What is the Role of Insulin in Diabetes Treatment?

The role of insulin in diabetes treatment depends on what type of diabetes you suffer from. Mostly, it is type 1 diabetics in which natural insulin is inadequate or completely destroyed rely on insulin therapy. (image courtesy: getty)

What happens when Natural Insulin is Inadequate?

For type 1 diabetics for whom insulin treatment is irregular or poorly regimented, there can be a spike in blood sugar levels. A life-threatening complication known as diabetic acidosis may occur. The common signs of the complication are paleness, sweating, irregular heartbeat, blurred vision and hunger. (image courtesy: getty)

What are the Different Types of Insulin Products?

Insulin is broadly divided into four major types. Short-acting insulin is soluble insulin that acts quickly and lasts for between 6 and 8 hours. Intermediate-acting insulin (Isophane insulin) is second type that acts slightly slower and lasts 10 to 12 hours. Long-acting insulin act slowly (1-2 hours) and last much longer, up to 20 hours. The last type is mixtures of insulin (short and intermediate-acting insulin). (image courtesy: getty)

How is Insulin Taken?

Administering insulin is one of the challenges for diabetics. If injection regimen is not adhered to as it should be; it can disrupt the daily routine. Generally, insulin is administered via disposable insulin pens. Needles and insulin pumps are also sometimes, employed. Oral insulin is swiftly becoming a reality. (image courtesy: getty)

Can Insulin cause dangerously Low Blood Sugar?

A prolonged episode of low blood sugar could cause a loss of consciousness or coma. The symptoms of low blood sugar are anxiety, shaky hands, sweating and an urge to eat. Consuming a bit of sugar, diluted juice or glucose tablets can bring blood sugar back to healthy levels. (image courtesy: getty)

How Insulin Regime is developed?

After consultation with specialists, you can begin to administer insulin to yourself. Your health care provider will make you aware of the warning signs are of an impending hypoglycaemic reaction and how to treat yourself. In a few days, you will get a hang of measuring your blood sugar and get the idea of how to maintain controlled blood glucose levels. (image courtesy: getty)

When one has to Change Insulin Regimen?

When blood sugar levels fall and the patient is at risk a hypo (hypoglycaemic reaction), a change in insulin regimen is needed. You may have to reduce the amount of short-acting insulin or vice versa. (image courtesy: getty)

Do Patients need Insulin for Rest of their Life?

It is not necessary as people with type 2 diabetes may need insulin temporarily, such as right after they’re diagnosed or during pregnancy. Those who are able to lose a lot of weight may find that they no longer need insulin, while others who lose weight may still need it. The other thing is that it depends on how much damage have the insulin-producing cells experienced. (image courtesy: getty)

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