• shareIcon

Factors that affect a woman's fertility

The chances of conceiving a baby depend directly on how fertile a female body is. It isn’t just the age of the woman that plays a role in her fertility, but a lot many other factors.

Women's Health By Vasudha Bhat / Jun 06, 2015

There can be plenty of factors for female infertility

A woman’s fertility largely depends on her age. However, there are many other factors that could come into play and jeopardize a woman’s chances of conceiving. Even in her most healthy and fertile years, lifestyle choices clubbed with some external factors can sabotage a woman’s dream of enjoying motherhood. Here are some of the risk factors that a woman must watch out for if she wishes to conceive.


Piling on extra weight can interfere with hormone production and make it more difficult for a woman to conceive. Functioning of the ovaries deteriorates with every extra kilo that your body puts on.


Being underweight has the same impact on fertility as obesity. Women with lower BMIs are deficit in the hunger hormone, leptin. A 2009 Harvard University study found that low level of leptin in the body contributes to missed menstrual cycles.


It is a common phenomenon in menopausal women to stop ovulating. When a woman reaches her 40s or 50s she no longer ovulates and hence,  becomes infertile. However, even before a decade of the average menopausal age, ovulation can become less regular and the egg count can decline. This stage is generally called perimenopause.


Genetics have a vital role to play in menopause. You must ask your mother how old she was when she hit her menopause. If she was there early, there is a high probability that you will too have it early.

Household chemicals

Being regularly exposed to pollutants, pesticides and harmful industrial compounds can harm your fertility. A 2013 study published in Environmental Health Perspective declared that exposure to environmental chemicals can decrease a couple’s chances of conceiving by up to 29 percent.


How smoking effects development of the foetus is a well-known process. However, not many know that each time you light up a cigarette, it disturbs and damages hormones and DNA makeup, making it difficult for the woman to get pregnant in the first place.


There may not be a lot of evidence to prove that alcohol can hamper your chances of getting pregnant, however, fertility experts warn against its excessive consumption. According to experts, heavy drinking can be associated with disruption in the ovulation process.

Image source: Getty Images


All possible measures have been taken to ensure accuracy, reliability, timeliness and authenticity of the information; however Onlymyhealth.com does not take any liability for the same. Using any information provided by the website is solely at the viewers’ discretion. In case of any medical exigencies/ persistent health issues, we advise you to seek a qualified medical practitioner before putting to use any advice/tips given by our team or any third party in form of answers/comments on the above mentioned website.

This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. OK