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7 Common causes of bruises on your body

If you get bruised regularly in places you don’t even remember getting accidentally hit, and if the bruises don’t go away, you need to know what is causing it other than clumsiness.

Mind Body By Ariba Khaliq / Jun 16, 2015

What causes bruises?

When a skin injury damages or breaks your blood vessels, it results in bruising. This is the reason why you incur a bruise on your leg after you bump it into the bed’s corner. Constant bumpers (read: clumsy people) know bruises so well that they aren’t surprised at sudden, unwelcomed appearances of a blue tint here and a blackie there. But, what if you aren’t that gawky or even if you are, the bruises eerily are more excessive lately? You might want to know the various reasons that could be causing them. Medically known as contusion, a bruise can be caused by a range of problems. Listed below are 8 common reasons for constant bruises on your body.

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You must have noticed how your grandparents’ hands and arms look constantly bruised. Known as actinic purpura, these bruises start with red flat blotches, turning purple and then fade away gradually. Many years of sun exposure weaken the walls of blood vessels in older people, which results in bruising. Things such as, aspirin, Coumadin (drug used to prevent heart attacks and strokes), and alcohol worsen the condition.

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Nutritional deficiencies

If your body is deficient in certain vitamins and minerals, it may not be able to heal blood clots and wounds, which may result in bruising. These essential nutrients are: Vitamin K— it being an essential component of bone structure helps blood to clot. Its deficiency affects normal blood clotting, thus causing bruising. Vitamin C—it helps your skin and blood vessels to resist the effect that leads to bruises. Minerals—your body should have adequate amounts of zinc and iron to accelerate wound healing. Additionally, iron deficiency leads to anaemia, which is a known cause for constant bruising. Bioflavonoids—they are extremely useful in correcting tendency towards bruising. Citrine, rutin, catechin and quercetin are some kinds of bioflavonoids.

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Von Willebrand disease

An inherited bleeding disorder, Von Willebrand disease impacts your body’s blood-clotting abilities. This results in heavy, hard-to-stop bleeding after an injury. It could either occur when the Von Willebrand factor protein levels are low in your blood or when the protein doesn’t work efficiently. If you suffer from this disease, you are more likely to develop frequent, large bruises from minor bumps or injuries.

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Cancer and chemotherapy

Undergoing chemotherapy will cause you to have low blood platelets (below 400, 000). Such a fall in platelet production can result in bruising all over the body.

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Bleeding disorders such as thrombocytopenia purpura (TTP) or idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) cause the body to have low platelet count. They affect the body’s ability to form blood clots, increasing risks for bruising.

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The opposite process of thrombophilia, haemophilia, causes unexplained and excessive bleeding or bruising because of lack of blood clotting proteins or clothing factors that hinder the clotting process.

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Ehlers- Danlos syndrome

A collagen disorder, Ehlers- Danlos syndrome is symbolic of easy bleeding. In this syndrome, bruising occurs because the capillaries and blood vessels surrounding connective tissues weaken. Ehlers- Danlos syndrome leads to extensive bruising, delayed wound healing, and artery rupturing leading to severe internal bleeding or premature death.

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