According to the World Health Organization, around 50 million people get affected by epilepsy every year, making it one of the most common neurological diseases worldwide. It is the fourth most common neurological disorder following migraines, strokes and Alzheimer’s.
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by unpredictable seizures and can lead to various other health problems. It can affect people of any age. An epileptic seizure occurs when the nerve cells in the brain suddenly increase their activity, causing an electrical storm that can overwhelm the brain and cause it to seize. Basically, anything that disrupts the normal function of the brain can cause seizures and epilepsy.
Signs and symptoms can vary depending on the part of the brain that is affected and the type of seizure. Epilepsy can be classified on as partial seizures (when the small part of the brain is affected) and generalized seizures (when most part of the brain is affected). Some of the signs and symptoms of epilepsy include:
A person loses awareness and can’t remember what happened during the seizures during a severe seizure.
Also read: Natural and effective remedies for epilepsy
There are certain risk factors that might put you at a higher risk of developing the disease. Risk factors include:
Diagnosis of epilepsy usually begins with a medical history and physical examination. Since there are so many seizures, it is important for the doctor to identify the type of seizure that the patient has had.
A physician may ask questions about the nature of seizures, symptoms the patient experienced and the medications they might be taking. In addition to the medical history and physical examination, a physician may conduct tests to assess which areas of the brain may be involved in the seizures. The tests include:
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