As per WHO guidelines, dementia and depression are the most common neurological problems faced by the elderly, which needs to be addressed at early stages for proper care and rehabilitation
It is speculated that the proportion of the world's population above 60 years of age will rise to 22 %. It is also common to see most of the aged population suffering from neurological disorders, leaving aside minor headaches. Moreover, 6.6% of all disability among over the 60s is related to mental disorders. As per researchers, there will be more and more people living up to their 80s and 90s. Most of the mental illnesses occur due to maltreatment and the approach of their family members and society. Around 6% of older in developed countries have experienced some form of abuse at home, and it varies with the social condition.
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Psychological, social and biological factors are major determinants of a person's mental health. Most of the elders often witness the inability to sustain on their own due to several reasons like mobility issues, chronic pain, mental and physical limitations and a drop in their economic status due to unemployment. All these factors lead to isolation, loss of independence, are also vulnerable to physical neglect and maltreatment. Maltreatment of elders may not lead to physical injuries but is often the road to irreversible psychological disorders. Some triggers are warning signs for a mental concern in elders:
These are the two most common neurological problems in this age group, which lead to a major difference in their personalities. Dementia leads to loss of memory, drastic behavioural changes, inability to perform daily activities, etc. There are several studies, which indicate a connection between depression and dementia. Prolong period of depression can be the start of dementia in many patients. Depression is both underdiagnosed and undertreated in primary care settings and is generally ignored as part of old age.
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For the elderly to age gracefully, it is the caretakers and the family members who need to understand the basics of treating an aged person righteously. These little things can help the old age happily:
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