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What’s The difference between Dengue Fever and Malaria Fever

Other Diseases By Chanchal Sengar , Onlymyhealth editorial team / Apr 14, 2015
What’s The difference between Dengue Fever and Malaria Fever

Although, dengue and malaria fever are mosquito borne diseases, they are different from each other.

Monsoon always comes up with an increase in the cases of mosquito-borne diseases like malaria and dengue. Both of these tropical diseases are caused due after an infected mosquito bite a person. The symptoms of both the diseases are relatively similar where the most prominent sign is Fever. The victim suffers from fever after being bitten by either of the mosquitoes. Therefore it becomes difficult to differentiate between dengue fever and malaria fever, initially. Though the fever pattern is different in both the diseases.

To provide the right treatment to the person, it is important to diagnose the disease first. While you may think it is just malaria, it might actually be dengue! Therefore, it is necessary to know the difference between dengue fever and malaria fever. Here we have differentiated both of these diseases in terms of causes, symptoms, diagnosis, incubation and treatment. 

Causes

  • The cause of Dengue is the infected Aedes aegypti mosquito. If this dengue-infected mosquito bites a person, he/she gets down with this life-threatening disease. Dengue is further spread when any other mosquito bites the person with dengue virus and then it bites other people. Thus, this gets transmitted. 
  • Malaria, on the other hand, is transmitted by the female anopheles mosquito. Unlike dengue which is spread by other mosquitoes, malaria can only be transmitted by the female anopheles mosquito. This usually attacks during the night.
Also read: Types of Malaria

Symptoms

  • Dengue starts with a sudden onset of fever that lasts for a really long duration (about seven days). This fever can go up to 39.5-41.4°C (103.1-106.52°F) and is accompanied by headaches and muscle or bone pain. The fever may vanish and then recur along with skin rashes. Other symptoms of dengue include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, pain in the eyes and rashes on upper and lower limbs.
  • Unlike dengue, in malaria, the fever is of shorter duration. The symptoms include chills, anemia, joint pain, vomiting, convulsions and sweating. Symptoms of malaria typically occur in three stages namely, cold stage, hot stage and sweating stage wherein sudden coldness is followed by fever and sweating.

Diagnosis

Both diseases are diagnosed by different procedures. Malaria is detected through microscopic visuals whereas dengue requires immune chemical investigations. Antigen and antibody tests are meant for diagnosing dengue.

Also read: Causes of Malaria

Treatment

Antimalarial drugs are available for the treatment of malaria; on the contrary, there is no drug available for the treatment of dengue. It is treated with supportive measures such as blood transfusion and fluid resuscitation.

Incubation

The incubation period of malaria is 10-15 days whereas the symptoms of dengue are evident within 4-5 days of the infected mosquito bite.

Prevention

Prevention is always better than cure. The best way to escape the deadly attack of these infected mosquitoes is by taking proper preventive measures.

Use mosquito repellents

  • Prevent standing water in your premises
  • Wear long sleeves clothes and keep yourself covered
  • Visit a doctor when you get a fever and get yourself checked for these diseases.

Read more articles on Other Diseases

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