Decoding Dengue Fever: All About Its Diagnosis and Treatment

Updated at: Aug 25, 2020
Decoding Dengue Fever: All About Its Diagnosis and Treatment

Dengue Fever: Know about the duration, transmission, treatment of dengue.

Tavishi Dogra
Other DiseasesWritten by: Tavishi DograPublished at: Aug 22, 2020

Dengue is a vector-borne disease transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito found in the tropical and subtropical regions. Symptoms of dengue begin after three to fourteen days of infection. Some people infected with the disease won’t have any signs. Others will have signs for two to seven days before getting better. Patients have reported high fever, headache, vomiting, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash. Besides these, patients have also experienced swollen glands, rapid breathing, lethargy and eye pain. On investigation, the blood platelet counts also show a decrease.

Duration of fever

In children commonly the temperature settles for a day and then returns, a pattern that has been called saddleback fever. A second rash may occur within one to two days of effervescence, which may last for one to five days, spares the palms and soles, and occasionally desquamates. Teens and children may experience no symptoms or signs during the mild attack of dengue fever. Usually, the infection causes high temperature, which can rise to 104 F accompanied by headache, muscle, bone or joint pain. The person can either have symptoms of DHF (Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever) or dengue fever, or they may have no symptoms. After about one week if a mosquito bites this person, it can then transmit the virus by eating a healthy person. Dengue cannot spread directly from human beings.

Also read: What are the causes of dengue

dengue

Treatment of dengue

  • Mild cases of dengue infections are managed with lots of fluids to prevent dehydration and to get plenty of rest. Pain relievers with aspirin and ibuprofen should be avoided.
  • Most cases of dengue fever settle within a week or two without any after-effect. If the symptoms worsen in the first day or two after the illness, seek immediate medical care.

  • In all cases, if dengue infection, patients should be protected from further mosquito bites. There is no vaccine for children to avoid dengue fever. The best protection is to prevent bites from an infected mosquito.
  • Transmission of dengue: It is spread through the bite of the female mosquito. The mosquito becomes infected when it draws out the blood of a person infected with the virus. Dengue outbreaks can occur anytime if the mosquitoes are still active.

dengue test

Some Natural Remedies

  • Juice of Papaya Leaves: These leaves have a mix of the high level of vitamin C, along with the nutrients and organic compounds, which helps in increasing the platelet count. The leaves also stimulate the immune system the antioxidants in it help in reducing stress and remove toxins from the body.
  • Basil Leaves: Basil leaves improve overall immunity of a person.

  • Neem Leaves: Such leaves have medicinal properties, known to increase platelet and white blood cell count.
  • Drink Enough Water: Excessive sweating, exertion during dengue fever can lead to extreme dehydration. As a result, there can be dehydration. Stay well hydrated as it also relieves headaches, as well as muscle cramps. It also helps wash out toxins.
  • Orange Juice: Oranges are rich in vitamins and antioxidants, may promote antibodies in the immune system; it has Vitamin C, which is essential in creating collagen.
(Inputs by Dr. Sisir Paul, Director & Head of Department of Pediatrics, Madhukar Rainbow Children’s Hospital.) 

Read more on Other diseases

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