Cervical Cancer Surgery: Each stage of cervical cancer can be treated with a single type of surgery, which may be followed by chemotherapy or radiation.
Surgery to treat cancer of the cervix depends on various factors including your desire to have children in future, location of the cancerous tumour in the cervix, the extent to which it has grown and if it has metastasised or not. Below mentioned are the surgical procedures done for cervical cancer according to its stages.
[Read: Stages of Cervical Cancer]
Types of Surgery for Cervical Cancer
Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP): This procedure is used for pre-invasive cervical cancer stage 0 and cervical intraepethelial neoplasia (CIN). LEEP enables a pathologist to accurately and completely study the invasive cancer lesion in the cervix and an intraepithelial.
Laser Surgery: Laser beams are directed to the cancer site through the vagina to kill abnormal cells or take out parts of the tissue from the cervix and cervical canal for biopsy.
[Read: Cervical Cancer Laser Treatment]
Conization: Also known as cone biopsy, this procedure is used to diagnose or treat pre-invasive cancer stage 0 and CIN and for invasive cervical cancer stage1 A1. This process involves removal of the cone-shaped piece of tissue of the cervix and cervical canal. The sample is examined for malignancy.
Total (Simple) Hysterectomy: Used to treat stage 0 and stage 1 A1, the uterus and cervix are removed by any one of the below mentioned surgical methods.
- Vaginal Hysterectomy: In this procedure, the uterus and cervix are removed through the vagina.
- Total Abdominal Hysterectomy: A large incision is made in the abdomen and the uterus and cervix are removed through it.
- Total laparoscopic hysterectomy: A laproscope is used to make a small incision in the abdomen through which the uterus and cervix are removed.
Total Radical Hysterectomy: This surgical procedure is performed for certain types of cervical cancers and is given at stage 1 A2, stage1 B2 and stage 2A. The whole uterus along with the uterine support structures is removed. According to the American Cancer Society, a woman, who had undergone radical hysterectomy, may experience impaired sexual function for a short time. Most radical hysterectomy patients have reported improvement in their sexual function within six months after operation.
Radical Trachelectomy: The earliest stages of cervical cancer are treated by radical trachelectomy. In this procedure, the cancer affected cervix is removed by making a small incision (called keyholes) in the abdomen. The uterus is not removed so a woman can conceive even after surgery. After trachelectomy, however, there is higher risk of miscarriage and need for a caesarean section to deliver a baby.
Problems in urination, constipation and diarrhoea are some common side-effects of surgery. Also, you may notice changes in your libido post cervical cancer surgery.
Read more articles on Cervical Cancer Treatment.
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