Don’t panic if you see blood in your stool, there are several causes of blood in the stool. Read causes, symptoms and treatment.
Finding blood in the stool can make you freak out. Blood, in general, frightens us and seeing blood in faeces would make anybody worried. While we may perceive it as something is not right with our body, it is not always the case. There are many reasons for blood in the stool. To know them, read this article.
Causes of Blood in Stool
The blood in the stool generally comes when there is bleeding in the intestine. Sometimes it is so little that it goes unnoticed whereas sometimes, it is visible in the stool or on the toilet paper. Also, the color of the blood can tell which part of the digestive tract has bled. If you see the blood to be blackish, the bleeding has happened in the upper digestive tract. Here are some reasons for blood in the stool:
Colitis: Colon inflammation which is caused due to inflammatory bowel disease or infections in the colon.
Peptic ulcers: These sores or ulcers are caused by a bacterial infection or long-term use of anti-inflammatory medicines.
Esophageal problems: Tears in the esophagus or varicose veins can cause blood loss that comes out with the stool.
Anal fissure: This condition is when there is a tear or cuts in the lining of the anus tissue. These are mostly caused while passing hard stool.
Diverticular disease: Diverticula are located on the colon wall and they may bleed out of infection.
Angiodysplasia: This is a condition where abnormal blood vessels cause bleeding and the blood is excreted with stools.
Polyps or cancer: Polyps are small growth that can become cancerous over time. The bleeding caused by polyps or colon cancer often goes unnoticed.
Along with bleeding, there are other symptoms associated with blood in the stool. These are:
- Abdominal pain
- Weight loss
- Pain while passing stool
Spotting blood in the stool that too in a negligible amount is fine but if this happens frequently, it can be a sign of an underlying health problem. Also, if you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms along with bleeding, consult a doctor. He would diagnose your condition and suggest treatment.
Treatment Options for Blood in Stool
After the correct diagnosis, the doctor may suggest the following treatments.
If there is no serious problem, the bleeding can be controlled by medications. This involves addressing the root cause of bleeding so that it doesn’t return. Most commonly, antibiotic medications for bacterial infection(caused by H. Pylori) are prescribed. If the problem is caused due to colitis or colon infection, anti-inflammatory drugs are given.
- If bleeding is happening due to damage in the colon, the doctor may conduct surgery to remove the part and stop bleeding.
- Another technique used to stop acute bleeding is endoscopy where chemicals are injected on the bleeding part and then later closed with laser surgery.
- In case endoscopy doesn’t help, the doctor may conduct angiography to inject the chemicals directly into the blood vessels to stop bleeding.
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