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World Hepatitis Day 2019: Here's A Complete Guide Of Hepatitis A to E

Other Diseases
By Tavishi Dogra , Onlymyhealth editorial team / Dec 28, 2018
World Hepatitis Day 2019: Here's A Complete Guide Of Hepatitis A to E

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. The condition is self-limiting and can even develop into fibrosis, cirrhosis or liver cancer. There are 5 types of hepatitis that affect a person’s liver – Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. Accordin

What is Hepatitis? 

Hepatitis is an inflammation, just like (swelling and redness) of the liver. Do you know that the viral infection is known as the most common cause of hepatitis among others? That's the reality, as it includes several other non-infectious causes such as: 

  • allergic reactions 
  • obesity
  • alcohol consumption
  • drugs 
  • wrong medication

Hepatitis is a self-limiting condition which can even develop into:

  • fibrosis 
  • cirrhosis  
  • liver cancer

5 types of hepatitis affect a person’s liver, these are:

  • Hepatitis A 
  • Hepatitis B 
  • Hepatitis C
  • Hepatitis D
  • Hepatitis E 

According to the World Health Organization, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C are the most hazardous which leads to chronic ailments that can affect millions of humans. 

Liver

The liver of a person is located in the right upper corner of the abdomen. The liver metabolizes drugs and detoxifies chemicals in the body. However, the main objective of a liver is to filter the blood, that comes from the digestive tract before it reaches the rest of the organs of our body. It produces up the bile juice that ends up in the intestines. When there is an inflammation in the liver, the condition is known as Hepatitis.

Different Types of Hepatitis 

Hepatitis A 

It is a virus found in the faeces (stool) of people with a viral infection. People with hepatitis A become contagious early in the incubation period and can start spreading the infection even before they develop symptoms. This virus usually spreads through food or water contaminated with the faeces of an affected person. 

Symptoms of Hepatitis A 

  • Nausea and vomiting 
  • Diarrhoea
  • Fever 
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tiredness and fatigue 
  • Jaundice 
  • Pain in abdomen 
  • Rapid heartbeat 
  • Feeling very thirsty
  • A chronic headache 
  • Decrease in frequency of urination 

Hepatitis B 

Hepatitis B is transmitted through contact with a person who has hepatitis B or coming in contact with infectious body fluids such as blood, vaginal secretions, or semen, containing the virus.

Symptoms of Hepatitis B 

  • Jaundice 
  • Tiredness 
  • Stomach pain 
  • Light-coloured stools 
  • Fever 
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Diarrhoea
  • Dark yellow urine 

Hepatitis C 

Hepatitis C is a common type of hepatitis affecting thousands of people. In most cases, it is just a mild infection but it can progress to a chronic liver disease faster than the other types of hepatitis. the infection is caused because of an infection with a virus. The major cause of spreading the disease is exposure to human blood. Other modes of transmission include genetics, sexual intercourse and injecting used needles. 

Symptoms of Hepatitis C 

  • Bleeding easily 
  • Poor appetite 
  • Dark-coloured urine 
  • Swollen legs 
  • Sudden weight loss 
  • Itchy skin 
  • Bruising easily 
  • Fatigue 

Hepatitis D 

Hepatitis D is a disease caused by hepatitis D virus that affects the liver. Hepatitis D requires hepatitis B virus for its replication and cannot happen in its absence. Getting infected with both of these viruses can lead to a severe infection. A vaccine against hepatitis B is a must in order to avoid the progression of hepatitis D. 

Symptoms of Hepatitis D 

Hepatitis D does not always show symptoms but they do occur and include the following: 

Hepatitis E 

Hepatitis E is a disease caused by a small virus called hepatitis E virus and is most common in South Asia. It is transmitted majorly through contamination of drinking water by stools of an infected person, meaning people with poor sanitation are at a higher risk of developing this disease. 

Symptoms of Hepatitis E 

  • Mild Fever 
  • Fatigue 
  • Less Hunger 
  • Nausea 
  • Stomach ache
  • Skin rash or itching 
  • Joint pain 
  • Yellow skin or eyes 

Tips

  • Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver
  • 5 types of hepatitis that affect a person’s liver are Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E
  • Types B and C are the most dangerous and may lead to chronic diseases 

Read more articles on Hepatitis. 

Written by
Tavishi Dogra
Source: Onlymyhealth editorial teamDec 28, 2018

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